Legal System

 Legal Program Essay

THE UNIVERSITY OF HONG KONG

TEACHERS OF RULES

BACHELOR OF LAWS SYSTEM

THE LEGAL SYSTEM OF HONG KONG

2012-2013

LAST EXAMINATION

(80% of ultimate Grade)

COVER SHEET

College student Number: __ 3035045281______

Phrase Count: Question 1: ____1197_____

Question a couple of: ____1198_____

Question 1

Head of the family Radcliffe views the part of judges should be for the declaration from the law rather than creating law. According to the declaratory theory the classical idea: judges discover and state law rather than invent or to create it. 1 It really is different from the role of the legislator and should not end up being creative. Precedents are not declared only when they may be incorrect.

In reality idol judges do entail in imaginative roles in the adjudication, in keeping law creation and the presentation of statutes. In interpretation the code, judges can make one presentation way out of a few (e. g. literal, gold, mischief) that he or she considered as suitable, involving imagination.

In Relating to Peter Wesley Jones, it is pointed out that legislation is not really discovered nevertheless created. two Judges improvements, creating and making what the law states, and hence prevalent law system is a judge-made law. several It is now generally supported in fact that it needs to be realist theory where all judges make regulation or at least, a wavicle theory where the legal courts consider it is sometimes better to generate new rules and sometimes it is better to quotation old legislation. 4

Judges, as opposed to members of legislative authorities, they are not elected by simply people to make the laws, and not democratic. It is claimed that it is not genuine for idol judges to make regulations. But in truth, using the judicial power to decide law in creative position is inescapable.

Sometimes, the judges change and make laws, exactly where exercise of judicial powers then enter conflict with powers of the legislature. When there is no preceding with comparable material details before, the courts need to make a decision however, not referring it back to the legislative branch. five They have a likelihood of coming into the conflict whatever decision is made.

When there is certainly social modify, judges tends to make the law. According to the Elliot & Quinn, Head of the family Denning pointed out that judges are too shy about establishing new law to changing conditions of society; all judges should replace the law with regards to social changes. Lord Scarman, again stated that " Courts function is to be judicious according to principle of course, if the result are socially unwanted, Parliament may legislate to overrule them. ” 6 It is legislation's job to improve it if it is socially undesirable. During these times, the legislativo power makes conflict with legislature electrical power.

The moment protecting privileges of the hispanics, judges can easily used all their discretion within just taking more responsibility to get developing common law in accordance with contemporary values, Judges can establish safeguard for the consumer against the improper use of electrical power by Anthony Lester QC. 7

For constitutional review of rules, there will be turmoil between two powers. In the case of Leung TC William Roy v Secretary8 for Justice, the judge decided the fact that Crime Code Section 118 C, N, H, J violates the standard law and Hong Kong Costs of Rights Ordinance, staying unconstitutional. Additionally, it is also discriminatory towards gay. Hence, court docket made a decision different from the guidelines where the regulation is exceeded. In the a lot of cases after the judgement of Leung TC William, for instance , Secretary pertaining to Justice versus. Yau Yuk Lung Zigo9, again direct the Section 118 because unconstitutional and dismissed the fees. This kind of judicial power makes the discord with the legislature, deciding the case in different perspective from the legislature in cases where what the law states is unconstitutional or linked to the right of minorities, in this instance, gay men, conflicting the strength of the legal guidelines.

Moreover, in Statutory Model, there may also be problem of conflicting...


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